Survey of 11,000 employees shows 28% are ready to move on from current jobs within a year; top five factors correlated with intention to stay or leave are job security, being treated fairly, enjoyable work, feeling valued, and feeling supported

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BOSTON , December 19, 2023 (press release) –

  • New BCG Survey of 11,000 Employees from Eight Countries Shows What Really Matters to Them at Work, and Why Their Employers Should Care
  • Treating Employees Like Customers and Investing in Understanding and Meeting Their Emotional Needs Is Critical to Retaining Them
  • Great Managers Are the Most Powerful Lever for Delivering Key Emotional Factors, and Account for a 72% Reduction in Attrition Risk, a 3.2x Increase in Employee Retention, and a 13.9x Increase in Satisfaction

In a global labor market where there is still record low unemployment, 28% of workers—whether actively or passively looking for a new job—say they do not see themselves with their current employer within a year. It is therefore more critical than ever for employers to prioritize and invest in understanding what really matters to their employees. 

These are among the findings of a new survey of 11,000 employees from eight countries (US, Canada, UK, France, Germany, Australia, Japan, and India) conducted by Boston Consulting Group (BCG) between October 6 and 30, 2023 and released today. In the survey, BCG tested over 20 different needs, with roughly half being functional needs such as pay, hours, and benefits, and the other half being emotional needs such as feeling valued and supported, and doing work you enjoy. 

Unsurprisingly, when asked directly what would drive them to take a new job, employees’ answers are focused on functional factors, with pay the overwhelming top choice, followed by benefits and perks, work/life balance, work they enjoy and care about, and better career learning opportunities.

However, when employees were asked to make choices between different aspects of work—simulating a purchase decision—emotional needs crept into the top five. Pay and hours still dominated as the top two choices, but feeling fairly treated and respected, feeling like I have job security, and doing work I enjoy—all emotional needs—moved into third, fourth, and fifth places respectively.

Most significantly, when the 20+ work attributes from the survey were correlated with employees’ stated intention to stay in or leave their jobs, functional benefits—including pay—dropped toward the bottom of the list, and emotional factors dominated the top five most important factors: job security, being treated fairly and respected, enjoyable work, feeling valued and appreciated, and feeling supported. If companies want to keep their employees, they need to meet these emotional needs.

According to BCG’s analysis of the survey data, the most powerful lever for delivering these emotional needs is managers. They have the most influence over their employees’ day-to-day experiences—whether positive or negative. In fact, great managers are associated with a 72% reduction in attrition when comparing employees who are very satisfied with their managers with those who are very unsatisfied. This was also the lever with the strongest influence on attrition risk across all surveyed countries, except for India where it was the second strongest. 

Setting retention aside, that same employee comparison shows that great managers are also associated with a 3.2x increase in employee motivation, a 13.9x increase in job satisfaction, and a significant increase in feelings of inclusion.

“Managers also play a key role in companies achieving their diversity, equity, and inclusion goals,” said Gabrielle Novacek, a managing director and partner at BCG, and co-leader of the team behind the study. “We know that inclusion is critical if we want to attract, engage, and retain a diverse workforce. Reporting that they are satisfied with their manager correlated with employees’ feelings of inclusion rising by 36 points on our BCG BLISS index, which stands for Bias-Free, Leadership, Inclusion, Safety, and Support, and is a comprehensive, statistically rigorous tool that measures the drivers of inclusion and the value that it delivers.” 

Further, strong dissatisfaction with managers was linked to a doubling of attrition risk, with 56% of employees with that sentiment at risk, compared with a global average of 28%. Clearly, making a significant investment in upskilling all managers and incentivizing them to excel in their roles is the most impactful investment companies can make to retain their best workers. It goes beyond just training. The survey results show that creating material step changes in managers’ capabilities drives significant value.

The next three levers most correlated with satisfying employees’ emotional needs—among 300 different workplace characteristics ranging from upskilling opportunities to working model and leadership sentiment—were (1) supportive leaders, (2) access to resources to do one’s work, and (3) access to opportunity regardless of background. All three had an impact very similar to having a great manager, when taken in isolation—and pulling all four levers together reduces attrition risk from the baseline global average by about two-thirds, from 28% to 9%.

BCG’s research underscores a fundamental shift in the employer-employee dynamic. Today, many people are on the lookout for better job opportunities, and it is time for leaders to start treating their employees like customers. This means companies need to use all their customer-focused capabilities such as deep discovery, sophisticated needs assessment, segmentation, personalization, design thinking, and true employee journeys. It’s now clear that it’s not just factors like pay and benefits that matter to employees when deciding to stay in or leave a job—their emotional needs play the dominant role, and leaders who don’t tune into that fact do so at their own peril.

“Most companies think they are already investing in building their frontline leader capabilities, but what is required is a step change in thinking—fundamentally rethinking what great managers do and how they do it and investing in true enablement to sustainably build manager skills,” said Deborah Lovich, a managing director and senior partner at BCG, and co-leader of the team behind the study. 

“Token, ad hoc training modules don’t cut it. It’s like saying you get in shape by watching an exercise video or going to a spa,” Lovich added. “Daily routines need to be reworked every day, throughout the day, to build great management habits and ‘muscles.’ Investing in developing better managers who can deliver the connection, support, appreciation, and motivation all employees–and frankly, all humans–crave is a no-regrets investment.”

A summary of the findings can be found here, and a slideshow here.

Media Contact:
Eric Gregoire
gregoire.eric@bcg.com

About Boston Consulting Group

 

Boston Consulting Group partners with leaders in business and society to tackle their most important challenges and capture their greatest opportunities. BCG was the pioneer in business strategy when it was founded in 1963. Today, we work closely with clients to embrace a transformational approach aimed at benefiting all stakeholders—empowering organizations to grow, build sustainable competitive advantage, and drive positive societal impact.
 
Our diverse, global teams bring deep industry and functional expertise and a range of perspectives that question the status quo and spark change. BCG delivers solutions through leading-edge management consulting, technology and design, and corporate and digital ventures. We work in a uniquely collaborative model across the firm and throughout all levels of the client organization, fueled by the goal of helping our clients thrive and enabling them to make the world a better place.

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