AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo announce priority review status in the US for Enhertu, a treatment for adults with certain solid tumors without other satisfactory treatment options; product is a jointly developed antibody drug conjugate

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January 29, 2024 (press release) –

If approved, AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo’s Enhertu will potentially be the first
HER2-directed treatment and antibody drug conjugate to receive a
tumour-agnostic indication

Application based on results from DESTINY-PanTumor02 trial and
supported by additional Enhertu data

Submission to be reviewed under FDA Real-Time Oncology Review and Project Orbis


AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo's supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for Enhertu (trastuzumab deruxtecan) has been accepted and granted Priority Review in the US for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 3+) solid tumours who have received prior treatment or who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options.

The sBLA is based on data from the ongoing DESTINY-PanTumor02 Phase II trial where Enhertu demonstrated clinically meaningful and durable responses leading to a clinically meaningful survival benefit in previously treated patients across HER2-expressing metastatic solid tumours, including biliary tract, bladder, cervical, endometrial, ovarian cancers, and other tumours. Data from other supporting trials in patients with HER2-positive IHC3+ tumours in the Enhertu clinical development programme, including DESTINY-Lung01 and DESTINY-CRC02, were also included in the submission.

Enhertu is a specifically engineered HER2-directed antibody drug conjugate (ADC) being jointly developed and commercialised by AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) grants Priority Review to applications for medicines that, if approved, would offer significant improvements over available options by demonstrating safety or efficacy improvements, preventing serious conditions or enhancing patient compliance.1 The Prescription Drug User Fee Act date, the FDA action date for their regulatory decision, is during the second quarter of 2024.

Susan Galbraith, Executive Vice President, Oncology R&D, AstraZeneca, said: “Today’s Priority Review for the first tumour-agnostic submission for Enhertu reflects the potential of this medicine to redefine the treatment of HER2-expressing cancers. Biomarkers for HER2 expression are already established in breast and gastric cancers, but we must now define them across tumour types. We will continue working closely with the FDA to bring this potential first tumour-agnostic HER2-targeted medicine and biomarker to patients as quickly as possible.”

Ken Takeshita, MD, Global Head, R&D, Daiichi Sankyo, said: “The clinical benefit seen across HER2-expressing metastatic solid tumours in the DESTINY-PanTumor02 trial and ongoing data from the Enhertu clinical development programme continues to demonstrate the potential of this medicine beyond its approved indications. If approved, Enhertu could become the first HER2-directed therapy and antibody drug conjugate with a tumour-agnostic indication, providing patients with a potential new treatment option.”

The sBLA is being reviewed under the Real-Time Oncology Review (RTOR) programme and Project Orbis, two initiatives of the FDA which are designed to bring safe and effective cancer treatments to patients as early as possible. RTOR allows the FDA to review components of an application before submission of the complete application. Project Orbis provides a framework for concurrent submission and review of oncology medicines among participating international partners.

Results from DESTINY-PanTumor02 were presented at the 2023 European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and simultaneously published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.2

The safety profile observed across the trials was consistent with previous clinical trials of Enhertu with no new safety concerns identified.

The Priority Review follows receipt of Breakthrough Therapy Designation (BTD) in the US in August 2023 for Enhertu in metastatic HER2-positive solid tumours.


HER2 expression in solid tumours
HER2 is a tyrosine kinase receptor growth-promoting protein expressed on the surface of various tissue cells throughout the body and is involved in normal cell growth.3,4 In some cancers, HER2 expression is amplified or the cells have activating mutations.3,5 HER2 protein overexpression may occur as a result of HER2 gene amplification and is often associated with aggressive disease and poor prognosis.6

While HER2-directed therapies have been used to treat breast, gastric, lung and colorectal cancers, more research is needed evaluating their potential role in treating other HER2-expressing solid tumour types.4,7,8

HER2 is an emerging biomarker in solid tumour types including biliary tract, bladder, cervical, endometrial, ovarian and pancreatic cancers.5 Testing is not routinely performed in these additional tumour types and as a result, available literature is limited. In these solid tumours, HER2-positive expression, classified as IHC 3+, has been observed at rates from 1% to 28%.9,10 There is an unmet need for effective therapies for certain HER2-expressing solid tumours, particularly for those who have progressed on or are refractory to standard of care therapies as there are currently no approved HER2-directed therapies for these cancers.4,11

DESTINY-PanTumor02 is a global, multicentre, multi-cohort, open-label Phase II trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of Enhertu (5.4mg/kg) for the treatment of previously treated HER2-expressing tumours, including biliary tract cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer or other tumours.

The primary efficacy endpoint of DESTINY-PanTumor02 is confirmed objective response rate (ORR) as assessed by investigator. Secondary endpoints include duration of response (DoR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics.

DESTINY-PanTumor02 has enrolled 267 patients at multiple sites in Asia, Europe and North America. For more information about the trial, visit

DESTINY-Lung01 is a global Phase II, open-label, two-cohort trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of Enhertu (5.4mg/kg or 6.4mg/kg) in patients with HER2-mutant (cohort 2, n=91) or HER2-overexpressing (defined as IHC 3+ or IHC 2+) [cohort 1 and 1a, n=90] unresectable or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had progressed after one or more systemic therapies.

The primary endpoint is confirmed ORR by independent central review. Key secondary endpoints include DoR, DCR, PFS, OS and safety.

DESTINY-Lung01 enrolled 181 patients at multiple sites, including Asia, Europe and North America. For more information about the trial, visit

DESTINY-CRC02 is a global, randomised, two arm, parallel, multicentre Phase II trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of two doses (5.4mg/kg or 6.4mg/kg) of Enhertu in patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive colorectal cancer of BRAF wild-type, or RAS wild-type and RAS mutant tumour types previously treated with standard therapy.

The trial was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, patients (n=80) were randomised 1:1 to receive either 5.4mg/kg or 6.4mg/kg of Enhertu. In the second stage, additional patients (n=42) were enrolled in the 5.4mg/kg arm.

The primary endpoint is confirmed ORR as assessed by blinded independent central review. Secondary endpoints include DoR, DCR, investigator-assessed confirmed ORR, clinical benefit ratio, PFS, OS and safety.

DESTINY-CRC02 enrolled 122 patients at multiple sites in Asia, Europe and North America. For more information about the trial, visit

Enhertu is a HER2-directed ADC. Designed using Daiichi Sankyo’s proprietary DXd ADC technology, Enhertu is the lead ADC in the oncology portfolio of Daiichi Sankyo and the most advanced programme in AstraZeneca’s ADC scientific platform. Enhertu consists of a HER2 monoclonal antibody attached to a number of topoisomerase I inhibitor payloads, (an exatecan derivative, DXd) via tetrapeptide-based cleavable linkers.

Enhertu (5.4mg/kg) is approved in more than 55 countries for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received a (or one or more) prior anti-HER2-based regimen, either in the metastatic setting or in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting, and have developed disease recurrence during or within six months of completing therapy based on the results from the DESTINY-Breast03 trial.

Enhertu (5.4mg/kg) is approved in more than 45 countries for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-low (IHC 1+ or IHC 2+/in-situ hybridisation [ISH]-) breast cancer who have received a prior systemic therapy in the metastatic setting or developed disease recurrence during or within six months of completing adjuvant chemotherapy based on the results from the DESTINY-Breast04 trial.

Enhertu (5.4mg/kg) is approved in more than 30 countries worldwide for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer whose tumours have activating HER2 (ERBB2) mutations, as detected by a locally or regionally-approved test, and who have received a prior systemic therapy based on the results from the DESTINY-Lung02 trial. Continued approval in the US for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.

Enhertu (6.4mg/kg) is approved in more than 30 countries for the treatment of adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma who have received a prior trastuzumab-based regimen based on the results from the DESTINY-Gastric01 trial and/or DESTINY-Gastric02 trial.

Enhertu development programme
A comprehensive clinical development programme is underway globally, evaluating the efficacy and safety of Enhertu monotherapy across multiple HER2-targetable cancers. Trials in combination with other anticancer treatments, such as immunotherapy, are also underway.

Daiichi Sankyo collaboration
Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited (TSE: 4568) [referred to as Daiichi Sankyo] and AstraZeneca entered into a global collaboration to jointly develop and commercialise Enhertu (a HER2-directed ADC) in March 2019, and datopotamab deruxtecan (DS-1062; a TROP2-directed ADC) in July 2020, except in Japan where Daiichi Sankyo maintains exclusive rights. Daiichi Sankyo is responsible for the manufacturing and supply of Enhertu and datopotamab deruxtecan.

AstraZeneca in oncology
AstraZeneca is leading a revolution in oncology with the ambition to provide cures for cancer in every form, following the science to understand cancer and all its complexities to discover, develop and deliver life-changing medicines to patients.

The Company's focus is on some of the most challenging cancers. It is through persistent innovation that AstraZeneca has built one of the most diverse portfolios and pipelines in the industry, with the potential to catalyse changes in the practice of medicine and transform the patient experience.

AstraZeneca has the vision to redefine cancer care and, one day, eliminate cancer as a cause of death.

AstraZeneca (LSE/STO/Nasdaq: AZN) is a global, science-led biopharmaceutical company that focuses on the discovery, development, and commercialisation of prescription medicines in Oncology, Rare Diseases, and BioPharmaceuticals, including Cardiovascular, Renal & Metabolism, and Respiratory & Immunology. Based in Cambridge, UK, AstraZeneca operates in over 100 countries and its innovative medicines are used by millions of patients worldwide. Please visit and follow the Company on Social Media @AstraZeneca.

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1. FDA. Priority Review. Available at: Accessed January 2024.

2. Meric-Bernstam F, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Patients With HER2-Expressing Solid Tumors: Primary Results From the DESTINY-PanTumor02 Phase II Trial. J Clin Oncol. 2023 Oct;42:47-58.

3. ASCO. Breast Cancer. Available at: Accessed January 2024.

4. Iqbal N, et al. Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) in Cancers: Overexpression and Therapeutic Implications. Mol Biol Int. 2014; 852748.

5. Omar N, et al. HER2-an emerging biomarker in non-breast and non-gastric cancers. Pathogenesis. 2015;2(3):1-9.

6. Pillai R, et al. HER2 mutations in lung adenocarcinomas: A report from the Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium. Cancer. 2017;1;123(21): 4099-4105.

7. National Cancer Institute. Enhertu Marks First Targeted Therapy for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer. Available at: Accessed January 2024. 

8. Siena S, et al. Targeting the Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) Oncogene in Colorectal Cancer. Ann Oncol. 2018 May;29(5):1108-1119.

9. Yan M, et al. HER2 expression status in diverse cancers: review of results from 37,992 patients. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 2015 Mar;34(1):157-64.

10. Buza N, et al. Toward standard HER2 testing of endometrial serous carcinoma: 4-year experience at a large academic center and recommendations for clinical practice. Modern Pathology. 2013 Dec;26(12):1605-12.

11. Meric-Bernstam F, et al. Pertuzumab plus trastuzumab for HER2-amplified metastatic colorectal cancer (MyPathway): an updated report from a multicentre, open-label, phase 2a, multiple basket study. Lancet Oncol. 2019 Apr;20(4):518-530.

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