European paper, board production fell 13% in 2023 due to low demand, worsened by high input costs, but industry saw 'exceptional' recycling rate of 79.3%; CO2 emissions from pulp, paper production continues its steady decline, down by 5.8% in 2023: Cepi

Sample article from our Pulp & Paper Industry

July 9, 2024 (press release) –

In an economic context that continues to be exceptionally difficult and marked in 2023 by low consumption linked to massive destocking, many pulp and paper companies have seen a turnover decrease in the past year. A record high annual recycling rate indicates the industry’s autonomy and circularity.

The decrease in paper and board production in 2023 (-13%) resulting from low demand was far more pronounced even than during the Covid-19 crisis (-4.7% in 2020). This is a trend that is not particular only to Europe, but the global slowdown has been worsened in the EU by comparatively high costs for production inputs, notably energy. The European economy as a whole has lost momentum, against the background of a high cost of living, monetary tightening, and a weak external demand.

All paper and board grades recorded a sharp decline of production, with a varied situation across grades. The production of packaging grades decreased by 11% in 2023 compared to 2022 while sanitary and household paper registered a decrease by about 4.0%.

Despite these developments the pulp and paper industry has shown some surprising signs of robustness in 2023, with an exceptional recycling rate of 79,3% – or 74,4% on a three-year rolling average. It remains more than ever a “made-in-Europe” industry with 91% of fibres sourced from within the European Union. Adding to this was a positive trade balance for market pulp, produced to be sold on the market rather than used on-site, for the first time since data is collected by Cepi.

The trade balance for the sector overall remains high, placing it in the top European manufacturing sectors on that metrics. Still, this second consecutive year of decrease could point towards a loss in global competitiveness for Europe’s pulp and paper industry.

In another area of high performance amongst industrial sectors, the decoupling of pulp and paper production from CO2 emissions continues on a steady trajectory, decreasing by 5.8% in 2023. The sector has already achieved over 46% reduction of carbon emissions since 2005. Investments remain proportionally high, despite a continuously difficult context, and will need to accelerate in the coming years to reach the decarbonisation objectives set by the European Commission.

An early sample of company data points towards a rebound in production and profitability across all European pulp and paper sector segments in 2024. But the industry’s position remains far from what it was before the Covid crisis and war in Ukraine.

Download Cepi’s key statistics report for 2023.

Quote by Jori Ringman, Cepi Director General

“Considering the context, the pulp and paper industry in Europe can be proud of what it has achieved in terms of climate action and circularity. In a more supportive and predictable regulatory environment, our outlook could be very positive and our contribution to the EU Green Deal even more enhanced.”


Downloard the press release: In a very difficult context, pulp and paper industry has shown resilience in 2023.

* All content is copyrighted by Industry Intelligence, or the original respective author or source. You may not recirculate, redistrubte or publish the analysis and presentation included in the service without Industry Intelligence's prior written consent. Please review our terms of use.

See our dashboard in action - schedule an demo
Dan Rivard
Dan Rivard
- VP Market Development -

We offer built-to-order pulp & paper industry coverage for our clients. Contact us for a free consultation.

About Us

We deliver market news & information relevant to your business.

We monitor all your market drivers.

We aggregate, curate, filter and map your specific needs.

We deliver the right information to the right person at the right time.

Our Contacts

1990 S Bundy Dr. Suite #380,
Los Angeles, CA 90025

+1 (310) 553 0008

About Cookies On This Site

This website stores cookies on your computer. These cookies are used to improve your website experience and provide more personalized services to you, both on this website and through other media. To find out more about the cookies we use, see our Privacy Policy. We won't track your information when you visit our site. But in order to comply with your preferences, we'll have to use just one tiny cookie so that you're not asked to make this choice again.