W. R. Grace's Q2 net income down 8.6% year-over-year to US$69.3M, as net sales unchanged at US$826.7M; higher sales volumes, pricing offset by unfavorable currency translation, lower rare earth surcharges
July 25, 2012
Net income for the six months ended June 30, 2012, was $130.2 million, or $1.70 per diluted share, compared with $130.0 million, or $1.72 per diluted share for the prior-year period. Adjusted EPS of $2.02 per diluted share increased 7.4 percent from $1.88 per diluted share for the prior-year period.
“I am pleased with our performance this quarter, particularly our overall pricing and volume growth, and the sequential margin improvements we targeted and achieved in our Materials Technologies and Construction Products operating segments,” said Fred Festa, Grace’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “Despite renewed headwinds from Europe, we affirm our outlook for Adjusted EBIT. We remain confident in our ability to move our business forward and we are prepared to deliver another year of solid earnings growth.”
Second Quarter Results
Second quarter sales of $826.7 million were unchanged compared with the prior-year quarter as improved base pricing (+4.7 percent) and higher sales volumes (+2.7 percent) were offset by unfavorable currency translation (-4.3 percent) and lower rare earth surcharges (-3.1 percent). Sales in emerging regions represented 36.3 percent of sales and grew 13.3 percent compared with the prior-year quarter.
Gross profit of $304.1 million was unchanged compared with the prior-year quarter as improved pricing and productivity were offset by higher raw material costs and higher manufacturing costs. Gross margin of 36.8 percent decreased 10 basis points compared with the prior-year quarter and increased 10 basis points sequentially from the 2012 first quarter.
Adjusted EBIT of $143.6 million increased 8.1 percent compared with $132.8 million in the prior-year quarter. The increase primarily was due to higher segment operating income in Construction Products, lower incentive compensation expense and lower corporate expenses driven by expense control efforts and the previously announced restructuring initiatives. Adjusted EBIT margin improved to 17.4 percent compared with 16.1 percent in the prior-year quarter.
Adjusted EBIT Return On Invested Capital was 36.3 percent on a trailing four-quarter basis, compared with 30.2 percent for the prior-year quarter. The increase in Adjusted EBIT Return On Invested Capital primarily was due to higher earnings and good working capital management.
Six Month Results
Sales for the six months ended June 30, 2012, increased 3.9 percent to $1.581 billion as improved base pricing (+5.4 percent) and higher sales volumes (+2.2 percent) partially were offset by unfavorable currency translation (-3.0 percent) and lower rare earth surcharges (-0.7 percent). Sales in emerging regions represented 34.9 percent of sales and grew 13.7 percent compared with the prior-year period.
Gross profit of $581.2 million increased 4.3 percent compared with the prior-year period primarily due to improved pricing and productivity. Gross margin of 36.8 percent increased 20 basis points compared with the prior-year period.
Adjusted EBIT was $254.9 million, an increase of 11.6 percent compared with the prior-year period. The improvement in Adjusted EBIT was due to improved pricing, increased sales volumes, lower incentive compensation expense and disciplined expense control.
Sales down 1.9 percent; segment operating income down 1.6 percent
Second quarter sales for the Catalysts Technologies operating segment, which includes specialty catalysts and additives for refinery, plastics and other chemical process applications, were $328.6 million, a decrease of 1.9 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. The decrease was due to lower rare earth surcharges (-7.7 percent) and unfavorable currency translation (-4.2 percent), which more than offset improved base pricing (+7.9 percent) and increased sales volumes (+2.1 percent).
Sales of FCC catalysts decreased as lower rare earth surcharges, unfavorable currency translation and lower sales volumes were partially offset by higher base pricing. Sales volumes declined approximately 2 percent compared with the prior-year quarter, but increased approximately 7 percent from the 2012 first quarter due to higher emerging region sales. Several refineries have closed during the last 12 months, reducing Grace’s sales volumes in the quarter by approximately $12 million or more than 4 percent of product line sales. The company expects this capacity to be replaced by more economically efficient refineries in emerging regions.
Sales of polyolefin and chemical catalysts increased compared with the prior-year quarter as a double-digit increase in sales volumes and price partially was offset by unfavorable currency translation. Sales increased approximately 25 percent sequentially driven by strong polyethylene catalyst demand and continued growth of new polypropylene catalyst products.
Segment gross profit was $132.9 million, a decrease of 3.7 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. Segment gross margin was 40.4 percent compared with 41.2 percent in the prior-year quarter and 42.0 percent in the 2012 first quarter. The decrease in gross margin primarily was due to unabsorbed manufacturing costs resulting from the scheduled maintenance turnarounds at two of Grace’s major manufacturing facilities. In anticipation of these turnarounds, the company built inventory in the 2012 first quarter that was liquidated during the second quarter.
Segment operating income was $100.3 million compared with $101.9 million in the prior-year quarter, a 1.6 percent decrease. Segment operating margin was 30.5 percent, an improvement of 10 basis points compared with the prior-year quarter and a decrease of 120 basis points sequentially.
Sales down 4.0 percent; segment operating income up 5.9 percent
Second quarter sales for the Materials Technologies operating segment, which includes packaging technologies and engineered materials for consumer, industrial, coatings and pharmaceutical applications, were $224.3 million, a decrease of 4.0 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. The decrease was due to unfavorable currency translation (-5.1 percent) and lower sales volumes (-1.3 percent) partially offset by improved pricing (+2.4 percent).
Packaging sales decreased compared with the prior-year quarter as strong demand in Asia and the Americas was offset by weaker European volumes and unfavorable currency translation. Engineered materials sales decreased due to unfavorable currency translation and lower sales volumes from demand weakness in mature markets, which more than offset increased sales volumes in Asia.
Segment gross profit was $75.1 million compared with $78.6 million in the prior-year quarter, a 4.5 percent decrease primarily due to lower sales volumes. Segment gross margin was 33.5 percent compared with 33.6 percent in the prior-year quarter and 31.8 percent in the 2012 first quarter. The sequential increase of 170 basis points in gross margin reflected the impact of operational initiatives and cost reduction efforts launched in the 2012 first quarter.
Segment operating income was $46.4 million, an increase of 5.9 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. Segment operating margin was 20.7 percent compared with 18.7 percent in the prior-year quarter and 16.9 percent in the 2012 first quarter.
Sales up 6.2 percent; segment operating income up 19.9 percent
Second quarter sales for the Construction Products operating segment, which includes specialty construction chemicals products and specialty building materials products used in commercial, infrastructure and residential construction, were $273.8 million, an increase of 6.2 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. The increase was due to higher sales volumes (+7.5 percent) and improved pricing (+2.7 percent), partially offset by unfavorable currency translation (-4.0 percent). Last year’s third quarter acquisition of De Neef Conchem Group contributed $8.8 million to sales, which more than offset a $5.3 million decrease in sales due to the 2011 divesture of the vermiculite business.
Sales of Construction Products in emerging regions, which represented 33.3 percent of sales, increased 12.2 percent compared with the prior-year quarter due to strong sales in emerging Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Sales in North America, which represented 41.5 percent of sales, increased 10.2 percent. Western Europe, which represented 15.4 percent of sales, declined 13.6 percent compared with the prior-year quarter.
Segment gross profit was $96.2 million, an increase of 9.4 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. Segment gross margin of 35.1 percent improved 100 basis points compared with the prior-year quarter and 90 basis points sequentially from the 2012 first quarter. The increase in gross margin compared with the prior-year quarter primarily was due to improved pricing, higher sales volumes and a favorable sales mix comparison between the acquired and divested businesses.
Segment operating income of $35.5 million increased 19.9 percent compared with the prior-year quarter primarily due to higher sales and improved gross margin. Segment operating margin improved to 13.0 percent compared with 11.5 percent in the prior-year quarter and 9.0 percent in the 2012 first quarter.
Total corporate expenses were $21.8 million for the second quarter, a decrease of 20.4 percent compared with the prior-year quarter and a decrease of 14.2 percent from the 2012 first quarter. Lower corporate expenses primarily were due to lower incentive compensation accruals and restructuring initiatives announced in the first quarter of 2012.
Defined benefit pension expense for the second quarter was $16.8 million compared with $15.1 million for the prior-year quarter. The 11.3 percent increase primarily was due to year-over-year changes in actuarial assumptions including lower discount rates and a lower expected long-term rate of return on plan assets.
Interest expense was $11.3 million for the second quarter compared with $11.0 million for the prior-year quarter. The annualized weighted average interest rate on pre-petition obligations for the second quarter was 3.5 percent.
Income taxes are recorded at a global effective tax rate of approximately 33.5 percent before considering the effects of certain non-deductible Chapter 11 expenses, changes in uncertain tax positions and other discrete adjustments.
Grace has not had to pay U.S. Federal income taxes in cash in recent years since available tax deductions and credits have fully offset U.S. taxable income. Income taxes in foreign jurisdictions are generally paid in cash. Grace expects to generate significant U.S. Federal net operating losses upon emergence from bankruptcy. Income taxes paid in cash, net of refunds, were $30.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012, or approximately 15.4 percent of income before income taxes.
Net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2012, was $115.1 million compared with a use of cash of $72.3 million in the prior-year period. The improved cash flow primarily was due to lower pension contributions and improved working capital performance.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow was $146.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, compared with $59.6 million in the prior-year period.
As of July 25, 2012, Grace affirmed its outlook for 2012 Adjusted EBIT in the range of $510 million to $530 million, up 6 to 11 percent compared with 2011 Adjusted EBIT of $478.6 million. The company expects 2012 Adjusted EBITDA in the range of $630 million to $650 million.
The following updated assumptions are components of Grace’s 2012 outlook:
Consolidated sales in the range of $3.1 billion to $3.2 billion, reflecting improved sales volumes and base pricing, offset by lower rare earth surcharges and unfavorable currency translation of approximately $175 million and $125 million, respectively.
Consolidated gross margin in the high end of the 35-37 percent target range with raw material inflation expected to moderate in the second half of 2012;
An average euro exchange rate of $1.22 for the remainder of the year, compared with an average of $1.38 for the second half of 2011.
Pension expense of approximately $72 million for the full year, compared with $63 million for 2011; and,
An effective tax rate of 33.5 percent and a cash tax rate of 14.0 percent.
The company continues to project an atypical quarterly earnings pattern for the year and now expects the third quarter to be weaker than the second and fourth quarters.
Grace is unable to make a reasonable estimate of the income effects of the consummation of the Joint Plan of Reorganization (the “Plan”) because the value of certain consideration payable to the asbestos trusts under the Plan (primarily the deferred payments and the warrant) will not ultimately be determined until the effective date of the Plan, the timing of which is uncertain. When the Plan is consummated, Grace expects to reduce its liabilities subject to compromise, including asbestos-related contingencies, recognize the value of the deferred payments and the warrant and recognize expense for the costs of consummating the Plan and the income tax effects of these items.
Chapter 11 Proceedings
On April 2, 2001, Grace and 61 of its United States subsidiaries and affiliates, including its primary U.S. operating subsidiary, W. R. Grace & Co.–Conn., filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware in order to resolve Grace’s asbestos-related liabilities.
On January 31, 2011, the Bankruptcy Court issued an order confirming Grace’s Joint Plan of Reorganization. On January 31, 2012, the United Stated District Court issued an order affirming the Plan, which was reaffirmed on June 11, 2012 following a motion for reconsideration. Eight parties filed notices of appeal with the Third Circuit Court of Appeals before the July 11, 2012 deadline.
On June 5, 2012, the Bankruptcy Court approved agreements among Grace, co-proponents of the Plan, BNSF railroad, several insurance companies and the representatives of Libby asbestos personal injury claimants, to settle certain objections to the Plan. In connection with this settlement, the company agreed to pay $19.5 million to transfer the Libby Medical Program to an independent entity in Montana. Pursuant to the agreements, the Libby claimants and BNSF will withdraw their appeals to the Plan when these settlements become effective.
The timing of Grace’s emergence from Chapter 11 will depend on the satisfaction or waiver of the remaining conditions set forth in the Plan. Grace and its co-proponents are evaluating the appeals to the Plan and whether Grace will emerge from Chapter 11 prior to the resolution of such appeals.
The Plan sets forth how all pre-petition claims and demands against Grace will be resolved. See Grace’s most recent periodic reports filed with the SEC for a detailed description of the Plan.
Grace will discuss these results during an investor conference call and webcast today starting at 11:00 a.m. ET. To access the call and webcast, interested participants should go to the Investor Information – Investor Presentations portion of the company’s web site, www.grace.com, and click on the webcast link.
Those without access to the Internet can listen to the investor call by dialing +1.866.362.5158 (international callers dial +1.617.597.5397) and entering conference ID 66121130. Investors are advised to access the call at least ten minutes early in order to register. An audio replay will be available at 1:00 p.m. ET on July 25 and will be accessible by dialing +1.888.286.8010 (international callers dial +1.617.801.6888) and entering conference call ID 58565857. The replay will be available for one week.
Grace is a leading global supplier of catalysts; engineered and packaging materials; and, specialty construction chemicals and building materials. The company’s three industry-leading business segments—Grace Catalysts Technologies, Grace Materials Technologies and Grace Construction Products—provide innovative products, technologies and services that enhance the quality of life. Grace employs approximately 6,000 people in over 40 countries and had 2011 net sales of $3.2 billion. More information about Grace is available at www.grace.com.