Brazil's industrial employment grew 0.1% in February from January on seasonally adjusted basis, is down 0.7% from a year ago

SAO PAULO , April 13, 2012 (press release) – In February of 2012, the industrial employment changed 0.1% over the previous month, in the seasonally adjusted series, after recording –0.2% in January and 0.1% in December. As a result, the quarterly moving average index remained unchanged in relation to the previous month (0.0%), after four months of negative rates, with an accumulated loss of 0.7%. Compared with February of 2011, the industrial employment fell 0.7%, the fifth consecutive negative result in that type of comparison and the most intense since January of 2010 (-0.9%). The index accumulated in the first two months of 2012 contracted 0.6% and increased the pace of decrease in the last quarter of 2011 (-0.4%), both comparisons against the same period a year ago. The annual rate, index accumulated in the last 12 months, grew 0.5% in February of 2012, keeping the downward trend started in February of 2011 (3.9%).

The industrial employment and the number of hours paid showed positive rates in relation to the immediately previous month in February of 2012. The former marked a slightly positive change this month (0.1%), keeping the stability observed since last October. The latter grew 1.3%, the most intense increase since February of 2008 (1.7%). The data reflect the higher dynamism of the industrial production in February of 2012. Considering the evolution of the quarterly moving average index, the industrial employment remained stable and the number of hours paid rose between January (0.1%) and February (0.6%). Comparing with the same periods of 2011, the results of the total employed persons in industry and of the number of hours paid remained negative both in February and in the index accumulated in the first two months of the year. Those negative rates were spread all over the surveyed places and sectors.

Compared with the same month a year ago, industrial employment dropped 0.7% in February of 2012, the fifth consecutive negative result in that type of comparison and the most intense since January of 2010 (-0.9%). The index accumulated in the first two months of 2012 also contracted (-0.6%), increasing the pace of decrease in the last quarter of 2011 (-0.4%), both comparisons against the same period a year ago. The annual rate, the index accumulated in the last twelve months, grew 0.5% in February of 2012, keeping the downward trend started in February of 2011 (3.9%).

In relation to February last year, industrial employment decreased by 0.7%, with the volume of workers registering a reduction in 8 of the 14 places surveyed. The main negative impact on the overall average was observed in São Paulo (-2.9%), mainly driven by the negative rates registered in 15 of the 18 sectors surveyed. The negative highlights considering the total employed persons were fabricated metal products (-11.9%), basic metals (-16.8%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (-6.5%), apparel (-7.1%), rubber and plastic (-4.8%), paper and press (-5.2%) and textiles (-5.5%). It is worth mentioning the negative results in the Northeast region (-1.4%), Santa Catarina (-1.3%) and Ceará (-3.6%). In the Northeast region, the drops were due to the losses in the sectors of leather and footwear (-6.7%), apparel (-8.2%) and textiles (-9.2%). In Santa Catarina, the contributing factors were wood (-17.2%), apparel (-4.0%), textiles (-5.0%) and leather and footwear (-18.3%). In Ceará, the negative contributors were leather and footwear (-5.0%), apparel (-4.9%), textiles (-9.0%) and food and beverages (-1.8%). Conversely, Paraná (4.2%), Minas Gerais (1.5%) and Rio Grande do Sul (1.3%) were the main positive contributions to the industrial employment in the country. In Paraná’s industry, the major positive influences came from food and beverages (12.7%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (31.3%), while in Minas Gerais’ industry, the main positive contributors were basic metals (7.4%), food and beverages (3.0%), mining and quarrying industry (4.8%) and non-metallic minerals (4.9%). In the industrial park of Rio Grande do Sul, the main contributing sectors to the total employed persons were machinery and equipment (10.8%), transportation means (8.9%), food and beverages (2.7%), fabricated metal products (5.2%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (6.2%).

Concerning the sectors in relation to the monthly index, the industrial employment contracted in 9 of the 18 sectors surveyed. The main negative pressures came from apparel (-7.4%), fabricated metal products (-5.6%), footwear and leather (-6.3%), wood (-10.4%), textiles (-5.1%), rubber and plastic (-4.1%) and paper and press (-3.8%). Conversely, the main positive impacts on the total industry came from food and beverages (4.9%), machinery and equipment (2.1%), mining and quarrying industry (4.7%), transportation means (1.4%) and communication and electrical-electronic machinery and apparatus (2.0%).

In the index accumulated in the first two months of the year, the industrial employment continued dropping (-0.6%), with negative rates in 8 of the 14 places and in 9 of the 18 sectors surveyed. Among the places, São Paulo (-2.9%) exerted the main negative impact on the industry total, followed by the Northeast region (-0.9%), Santa Catarina (-1.4%) and Ceará (-3.2%). Conversely, Paraná (4.4%), Minas Gerais (2.0%), Rio Grande do Sul (1.2%) and the North and Central-West regions (1.1%) exerted the main positive pressures. Among the sectors, the most relevant negative contributions came from apparel (-6.4%), footwear and leather (-7.5%), fabricated metal products (-5.2%), wood (-10.8%), rubber and plastic (-4.5%), textiles (-4.8%) and paper and press (-3.9%). The sectors of food and beverages (5.0%), machinery and equipment (2.3%), transportation means (2.2%), mining and quarrying industry (4.7%) and communication and electrical-electronic machinery and apparatus (2.1%) represented the main positive impacts on the industry total.

Number of hours paid rises 1.3% in relation to January

In February of 2012, the number of hours paid to workers of industry, discounted the seasonal influences, rose 1.3% against the immediately previous month, after registering a negative change of 0.1% in January and an increase of 0.5% last December. As a result, in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index grew 0.6% between the quarters ending in January and February, the second consecutive positive result and the most intense since April of 2010 (0.9%), after the predominantly negative behavior between May and December of 2011.
Compared with the same month a year ago, the number of hours paid registered the sixth consecutive negative rate (-0.8%) in that type of comparison in February of 2012. However, it was the least intense rate since last September (-0.5%). The index accumulated in the first two months of 2012 was also negative (-1.1%), with a slightly lower decrease in the pace of fall in the last quarter of 2011 (-1.3%), both comparisons against the same period a year ago. The annual rate changed –0.2% in February of 2012 (the first negative rate since June of 2010, with -0.9%) and continued the downward trend started in February of 2011 (4.5%).

In February of 2012, the number of hours paid contracted 0.8% compared with the same month a year ago, with negative rates in 8 of the 14 places and in 9 of the 18 sectors surveyed. Concerning the sectors, the main negative pressures came from apparel (-6.6%), fabricated metal products (-4.7%), footwear and leather (-5.7%), wood (-10.6%), textiles (-4.8%) and paper and press (-4.0%). Conversely, food and beverages (3.2%) exerted the most relevant positive contribution on the industry total, followed by machinery and equipment (3.7%), transportation means (2.0%) and mining and quarrying industry (5.1%).

As to the places, in relation to the monthly index, São Paulo (-2.4%) exerted the main negative influence on the total of the country, mainly due to the reduction in the number of hours paid in fabricated metal products (-8.7%), basic metals (-20.0%), communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (-6.9%), apparel (-7.0%), textiles (-5.4%) and paper and press (-4.5%). Another relevant result was the negative impact from Santa Catarina (-1.5%), mainly driven by the reductions in wood (-16.3%), textiles(-5.6%), apparel (-4.1%), footwear and leather (-18.8%), fabricated metal products (-5.5%) and food and beverages (-1.5%). Rio de Janeiro also had a negative result (-1.3%), attributable to the contractions from apparel (-12.9%), paper and press (-10.7%) and machinery and equipment (-7.1%). On the contrary direction, Minas Gerais (1.7%), Paraná (1.6%) and Pernambuco (2.5%) exerted the main positive contributions to the total number of hours paid. That was attributable to the increases in the sectors of basic metals (9.9%), food and beverages (4.1%), non-metallic minerals (8.7%) and mining and quarrying industry (6.2%) in Minas; communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (28.4%), food and beverages (3.2%) and transportation means (7.1%) in Paraná; and food and beverages (6.5%) and non-metallic minerals (9.2%) in Pernambuco.

In the index accumulated in the first 2 months of 2012, there was a decrease of 1.1% in the number of hours paid, with 10 of the 18 sector surveyed recording negative rates. The most relevant negative contributions to the overall average of industry came from apparel (-6.6%), footwear and leather (-7.1%), fabricated metal products (-5.2%), wood (-10.8%) and textiles (-5.0%). Conversely, food and beverages (3.2%) exerted the most relevant positive contribution, followed by machinery and equipment (3.1%) and mining and quarrying industry (4.6%). In a regional level, 8 of the 14 places presented negative rates. The negative highlights were São Paulo (3.4%), Santa Catarina (-1.7%), Bahia (-2.2%) and Rio de Janeiro (-1.2%) On the other hand, Minas Gerais (2.1%), Paraná (1.4%) and Pernambuco (3.5%) registered the most substancial increases in relation to the national total.

Real Payroll is 1.3% higher than in January

In February of 2012, the seasonally adjusted industrial workers’ real payroll rose 1.3% compared with the immediately previous month, the second positive consecutive rate, accumulating a gain of 6.4% in this period. This month the mining and quarrying sector exerted a relevant influence, 22.0%, due to the pay of profit sharing and due to the results of the sector. The manufacturing industry dropped 0.6%. In the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index grew 1.5% between the quarters ending in January and February, boosting the positive trend of the previous month (1.3%).

Compared with the same periods a year ago, the real payroll rose 5.4% in February of 2012, the twenty-sixth positive consecutive result in that type of comparison and the most intense since August of 2011 (7.1%). The index accumulated in the first two months of 2012 saw and advance of 4.8%, a higher result than in the last quarter of 2011 (2.4%), both comparisons against the same period a year ago. The annual rate repeated the result registered in January, by growing 4.0% in February of 2012.

In the monthly index, the value of the real payroll recorded an expansion of 5.4% in February of 2012, with positive results in the 14 places surveyed. The highest influence on the national total came from Minas Gerais (10.5%), mainly driven by the increase in the payroll of mining and quarrying industry (22.9%). That increase was attributable to the pay of profit sharing and to the results of an important company of the sector. Transportation means (11.2%) and basic metals (7.7%) also influenced the national rate. It is worth highlighting the advances from the Northeast region (10.1%), Paraná (11.8%), North and Central-West regions (8.6%), São Paulo (1.4%) and Rio de Janeiro (7.0%). In these places, the main positive contributors to the rise in real payroll were: food and beverages (15.6%), chemical products (26.2%) and transportation means (24.9%), in the Northeast; transportation means (29.8%), food and beverages (11.6%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (33.6%), in Paraná; mining and quarrying industry (27.5%), influenced by the pay of profit sharing and by the results of an important company of the sector, food and beverages (10.7%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (20.7%), in the North and Central-West regions; food and beverages (11.3%), machinery and equipment (9.1%) and transportation means (3.8%), in São Paulo; and mining and quarrying industry (26.5%), also influenced by the pay of profit sharing and by the results of an important company of the sector, and transportation means (9.6%), in Rio de Janeiro’s industrial sector.

Among the sectors, considering the monthly index, the real payroll advanced in 13 of the 18 sectors surveyed. The highlights were mining and quarrying industry (22.9%), food and beverages (10.7%), transportation means (8.5%), machinery and equipment (6.5%) and non-metallic minerals (5.5%). Conversely, paper and press (-5.7%), wood (-8.0%), fabricated metal products (-1.5%) and footwear and leather (-2.8%) exerted the main negative impacts on the industry total.

In the indicator accumulated in the first two months of 2012, the real payroll grew 4.8%, with positive rates in all the places surveyed. The highlights were Minas Gerais (8.5%) and Paraná (13.7%), mainly sustained by the gains of mining and quarrying (22.0%), basic metals (7.3%) and transportation means (5.5%) in Minas and by transportation means (27.8%), food and beverages (18.6%) and communication and electric-electronic machinery and apparatus (39.6%) in Paraná. It is worth highlighting the positive contributions from the Northeast region (8.3%), São Paulo (1.4%), North and Central-West regions (8.0%) and Rio de Janeiro (6.4%). In these places, the main positive influences came, receptively, from food and beverages (11.8%), transportation means (36.1%) and chemical products (14.6%); machinery and equipment (8.7%), food and beverages (7.1%) and transportation means (2.7%); food and beverages (11.4%), mining and quarrying industry (24.3%) and communication electrical-electronic machinery and apparatus (19.1%); and mining and quarrying industry (17.7%) and transportation means (9.5%).

Among the sectors, considering the index accumulated in the year, the value of the real payroll advanced in 11 of the 18 sectors surveyed. The highlights were the gains from food and beverages (9.3%), mining and quarrying industry (18.2%), transportation means (7.2%), machinery and equipment (6.4%) and basic metals (6.9%). Conversely, paper and press (-3.5%), footwear and leather (-5.0%) and wood (-6.7%) exerted the main negative influences on the national total.

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