Zhongpin reports 2011 net earnings of US$64.2M, up 10% from year-ago period; revenues up 54% to US$1.45B
BEIJING and CHANGGE, China
March 14, 2012
– Zhongpin Inc. ("Zhongpin", Nasdaq: HOGS), a leading meat and food processing company in the People's Republic of China, today reported higher revenues, net income, and diluted earnings per share for the year 2011.
Year 2011 highlights:
* Revenues increased 54% to $1,456.2 million in 2011 from $946.7 million in 2010.
* Net income increased 10% to $64.2 million in 2011 from $58.3 million in 2010.
* Basic earnings per share decreased 0.6% to $1.66 in 2011 from $1.67 in 2010 on average basic shares outstanding that were 10.5% higher than 2010.
* Diluted earnings per share increased 0.6% to $1.66 in 2011 from $1.65 in 2010 on average diluted shares outstanding that were 9.3% higher than 2010.
* Guidance for 2012: Zhongpin expects that sales revenues should be within a range of US$1.55 billion to $1.72 billion for 2012. Gross profit margin is expected to be within the range of 8.6% to 10.2%. Net profit margin is expected to be within the range of 3.3% to 4.2%. The resulting diluted earnings per share for the year 2012 is expected to be within the range of $1.36 to $1.92 per share, assuming average diluted common shares outstanding of about 37.5 million shares in 2012. Assumptions supporting the guidance are shown below.
* Zhongpin added 201,000 metric tons of annual capacity for pork and pork products during 2011 to bring total capacity at yearend 2011 to 904,760 metric tons.
* Zhongpin will be investing about $10.5 million in a by-product processing plant in Changge, Henan province, to product sausage casings and the raw material used to make heparin sodium. Annual production capacity will be 100 million meters of casings and 300 billion units of the raw material for heparin sodium. The construction is scheduled to start in the first quarter of 2012 and operations should begin in fourth quarter of 2012.
Mr. Xianfu Zhu, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer for Zhongpin, said, "We continued to deepen our penetration in our current markets and aggressively increase our geographic markets, sales locations, customers, and operations in 2011 to support higher sales, profits, and operating cash flow in the years ahead, so the year was good in operations.
"Our financial results in 2011 reflected new aggressive price competition in the markets and our higher expenses in operations, promotion, marketing, and sales to build our market share in 2011 and prepare the Company for increasing success in the future.
"Most of our 54% increase in sales revenues in 2011 came from our pork products prices for which rose an average of 44% for the year, on tonnage that was up 7%. With the prices of both hogs and pork expected to decline from 15% to 20% in 2012, it will be difficult to report higher results in 2012 compared with 2011.
"In 2012, we will slow the rate of our capacity expansions and focus on greater use of existing facilities, which we believe should help our financial results.
"As of today, China expects its economy to grow at a good rate in 2012, with its gross domestic product continuing to increase but perhaps at a slower rate of growth.
"Despite challenging competition that is likely to continue in the marketplace in 2012, and given the good outlook for the China's economy, we expect to report somewhat higher revenues in 2012 than 2011, a somewhat lower gross profit margin and a somewhat lower net profit margin than in 2011, and diluted earnings per share within the range of $1.36 to $1.92 per share in 2012. The lower margins are expected because we are facing tough competition in the markets and must simultaneously prepare the Company for improved operating and financial performance that we expect will create substantial additional value for shareholders in the years ahead.
"As you know, we believe that the number one reason for our continuing success is that Zhongpin provides outstanding, flavorful, and increasingly convenient pork products with the highest product quality and safely, from farm to fork.
"We developed and launched 79 new products in 2011, most of which focus on regional flavors and convenient preparation methods that should be very attractive in China. As of December 31, 2011, we offered more than 410 types of pork products and more than 25 different categories of vegetables and fresh fruits. In addition, we had more than 90 new products under development at yearend 2011.
"Our fundamental strategy has proven its effectiveness in the past several years, including 2011. Our major objectives, which are designed to create additional long-term value for our shareholders, include increasing our brand recognition and sales, expanding our market presence, increasing our production capacity, expanding and optimizing our product lines, and maintaining our technological superiority.
"We plan to continue building a leading national brand by gaining higher market share and prudently increasing our markets, processing plants, and cold-chain distribution networks to satisfy the increasing demand for our high quality products. The result should be growing value created over the years to benefit our shareholders."
Capacity and market expansions in 2011
Zhongpin began operating its new phase 2 facility in Tianjin in September 2011, as planned. Phase 2 has a production capacity of 36,000 metric tons for prepared pork products. Phase 1 of the same facility began operating in January 2010 with an annual production capacity of 100,000 metric tons for chilled and frozen pork.
In December 2011, Zhongpin put a new facility into operation in Nong'an county, Changchun, Jilin province, with a production capacity of about 70,000 metric tons for chilled pork and 25,000 metric tons for frozen pork.
In December 2011, Zhongpin put a new facility into operation in Taizhou, Jiangsu province of China with a production capacity of approximately 80,000 metric tons for chilled pork, including easy-to-cook products, and 20,000 metric tons for frozen pork.
Zhongpin is investing approximately $58.5 million to build a new production, research and development, and training complex in Changge, Henan province, excluding the cost of land use rights that we have already obtained. When completed, we anticipate that this new facility will have a production capacity of about 100,000 metric tons for prepared pork products. Adjacent to this new production facility, we also plan to develop a center for research and development, training, and quality assurance and control. Construction for the first phase, with a production capacity of approximately 50,000 metric tons for prepared pork products, started in the second quarter of 2011 and is scheduled to be completed by the second quarter of 2012.
Zhongpin is investing approximately $18.0 million in a cold chain logistics distribution center in Anyang, Henan. This distribution center will have processing capacity, a temperature adjustable warehouse with a floor area of approximately 27,000 square meters, a distribution center, and a quality control center. The distribution center will be used for third-party cold chain logistics service. Zhongpin expects to put this distribution center into operation in the third quarter of 2012.
Zhongpin plans to invest approximately $87.5 million in a chilled and frozen food processing and distribution center in Kunshan, Jiangsu, which is near Shanghai. The center will be built in three phases. The first phase will include a processing center, cold chain logistics center, and business complex. Zhongpin expects to invest about $35.0 million on the first phase that should be put into operation in the fourth quarter of 2012.
Zhongpin will be investing approximately $49.0 million to build a slaughtering and processing plant, low temperature prepared pork plant, and logistics center in Tangshan, Hebei province. This facility will have an annual production capacity of about 60,000 metric tons for chilled pork, 20,000 metric tons for frozen pork, and 22,000 metric tons for prepared pork products. The construction is scheduled to start in the second quarter of 2012, and the new facility for chilled and frozen pork is expected to begin operations in the first quarter of 2013.
Zhongpin has established a joint venture company, of which the Company owns 65%, with Henan Xinda Animal Husbandry Company Limited in June 2011. The joint venture company is financed by capital contributions and bank loans. The joint venture company will provide 20,000 sire boars annually. The facility for sire boar breeding is under construction and should start operating in the second quarter 2012.
As of December 31, 2011, Zhongpin had an annual capacity of 728,760 metric tons for chilled and frozen pork, 126,000 tons for prepared pork products, 20,000 tons for pork oil, and 30,000 tons for vegetables and fruits, for a combined total of 904,760 metric tons.
Outlook for pork demand and pricing in China
China's economy appears to be healthy, and pork continues to be the preferred protein for most Chinese consumers, so the fundamental demand for pork should continue to be quite good.
Hog prices increased rapidly in 2011, peaked between September and October 2011, and are expected to decline in 2012 due to a currently abundant supply of hogs, despite the higher costs for breeding and feed. Hog prices are estimated to decline on average by 15% to 20% in 2012 compared with 2011. For example, hog prices have already declined about 15% from the end of January 2012 to mid-March 2012.
Pork prices tend to follow hog prices, since most pork producers, including Zhongpin, try to maintain a good spread between the price of hogs and the price of pork.
Guidance for the year 2012
Mr. Warren Wang, Zhongpin's Chief Financial Officer, said, "Our guidance for 2012 is based on several assumptions that include:
* Continuation of China's policies designed to stimulate domestic consumption and economic growth.
* Average hog prices in China are expected to decrease about 15% to 20% in 2012 from 2011, based on the assumed forecasted trend for the supply of live hogs and the increasing cost to raise hogs.
* A higher percentage of sales from our higher-margin chilled pork and prepared pork products in 2012 compared with 2011, while we plan to continue to increase sales volumes of processed pork products to optimize our product structure.
* Average capacity utilization for the year of about 75% for pork products.
* Increasing distribution efficiencies and reduction in the duration of delivery times through the expansion of our cold-chain logistics system, networks, and services.
* Total government subsidies for Zhongpin are expected to be $5 million in 2012.
"In addition, we have assumed that the more aggressive price competition that we saw in the latter part of 2011 will continue in 2012, especially aggressive promotion efforts by our major competitors.
"We have assumed that we will increase our expenses in four areas in 2012:
* First, we will continue to build our brand and do that more aggressively in 2012 than in 2011;
* second, we will increase our investments in human resources, especially in training and recruiting;
* third, we will increase research and development for new customized products with different styles and tastes to further satisfy customer needs in different regions, with the objective of capturing more market share for prepared pork products; and
* fourth, we will advance our information technology and information systems more rapidly to support our cold chain logistics system, optimize the structure of the supply chain, and to reduce the management cost.
"Lastly, we have assumed that the historical trend of increasing costs for labor, energy, environmental protection, and quality assurance and control will continue into the future, including in 2012.
"Given those comments and assumptions, here is our guidance.
"For the year 2012, we expect that Zhongpin's sales revenues should be within a range of US$1.55 billion to $1.72 billion.
"Gross profit margin is expected to be within the range of 8.6% to 10.2%. Net profit margin is expected to be within the range of 3.3% to 4.2%.
"Diluted earnings per share for the year 2012 are expected to be within the range of $1.36 to $1.92 per share, assuming average diluted common shares outstanding of about 37.5 million shares in 2012.
"Zhongpin believes that China's meat and food industry will continue to consolidate in 2012 at a more rapid pace than in 2011, which may result in higher market shares for the leading producers. We believe that Zhongpin is equipped to meet the challenge of increasing competition and that our guidance for 2012 can be achieved."
Total revenues increased $509.5 million or 54% to $1,456.2 million in 2011 from $946.7 million in 2010, primarily due to higher pork prices, higher sales volume in pork products resulting from the continuing increase in the number of retail channels, geographic expansion, and higher sales to chain restaurants, food service providers, and wholesalers and distributors in China. The following table presents Zhongpin's sales by product division for 2011 and 2010.
Chilled pork revenues increased on higher tonnage at higher average prices. Revenues from chilled pork products increased 73% in 2011 from 2010. Chilled pork tonnage increased 17% in 2011 from 2010. The average price per metric ton for chilled pork increased 48% in 2011 from 2010.
Frozen pork revenues increased on lower tonnage at higher average prices. Revenues from frozen pork products increased 35% in 2011 from 2010. Frozen pork tonnage decreased 12% in 2011 from 2010. The average price per metric ton for frozen pork increased 53% in 2011 from 2010.
Prepared pork revenues increased on higher tonnage at higher average prices. Revenues from prepared pork products increased 29% in 2011 from 2010. Prepared pork tonnage increased 15% in 2011 from 2010. The average price per metric ton for prepared pork products increased 12% in 2011 from 2010.
Pork and pork products totaled 98.9% of total revenues in 2011 and 98.3% in 2010.
Vegetables and fruits revenues decreased on lower tonnage at higher average prices. Vegetables and fruits revenues decreased 2% in 2011 from 2010. Tonnage of vegetables and fruits decreased 14% in 2011 from 2010. Average price per metric ton for vegetables and fruits increased 14% in 2011 from 2010. Vegetables and fruits were 1.1% of total revenues in 2011 and 1.7% in 2010.
The sales of meat and vegetable products are closely related to the particular regional markets in which our distribution channels are located. Therefore, the increase in metric tons sold in 2011 was partly attributable to company's effort to expand its distribution channels and geographical coverage, which has been a significant factor in the increase in its sales volume.
The following table shows revenues by distribution channel. In 2011, retail channels accounted for 32.0% of sales, wholesalers and distributors were 36.8%, restaurants and food services were 28.6%, and export was 2.6% of sales.
The increase in sales to different distribution channels was primarily due to the following factors:
* Zhongpin has built up its brand image and brand recognition through general advertising, display promotions, and sales campaigns;
* Zhongpin has increased the number of stores and other channels through which it sells its products;
* Zhongpin believes that consumers are placing an increased importance on food safety and are willing to pay higher prices for safe food products; and
* pork prices began increasing in the middle of 2010 and peaked in the third quarter of 2011.
As of December 31, 2011, our customers included 122 international and domestic fast food companies in China, 136 processing factories, and 1,423 school cafeterias, factory canteens, hotels, army bases, hospitals and government departments. As of yearend 2011, we also sold directly to consumers in 3,428 retail stores and supermarkets in China.
Cost of Sales
As discussed above, the raw material for all of our meat products are live hogs. Vegetable and fruit products are purchased from farmers located close to the Company's processing facility in Changge, Henan. As a result, the purchasing costs of live hogs and vegetables and fruits represent substantially all of our costs for raw materials.
Gross profit margin (gross profit divided by revenues) decreased to 10.4% in 2011 from 11.7% in 2010 primarily due to (a) competition in the market, (b) the increase in pork prices being less than the increase in hog prices, which is the bulk of our cost of sales, (c) increased promotional activities to grow our market share, (d) the increase of overhead due to the higher labor cost and utility cost, and (e) we accrued a provision for recoverable value added tax because in 2011, our recoverable value added tax increased significantly due to higher hog prices and higher hog volumes that we purchased.
General, administrative, and selling expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $5.1 million or 21% to $29.2 million in 2011 from $24.1 million in 2010, primarily due to a $2.3 million increase in salary expenses related to the expansion of our business, which required the company to hire more employees and management, and a $0.4 million increase in depreciation due to capacity expansions that added more property, plant, and equipment. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses decreased to 2.0% in 2011 from 2.5% in 2010.
Selling expenses increased $12.9 million or 62% to $33.6 million in 2011 from $20.7 million in 2010, mainly due to a $2.7 million increase in salary expenses, a $0.3 million increase in advertising expenses, and a $5.7 million increase in transportation expenses. Selling expenses as a percentage of revenue increased to 2.3% in 2011 from 2.2% in 2010.
Research & development expenses
Research and development expenses decreased to $0.5 million in 2011 from $0.6 million in 2010.
Impairment loss increased $0.6 million or 60% to 1.6 million in 2011 from $1.0 million in 2010. The increase was primarily the result of a $1.6 million increase in provision of recoverable value added tax. At the end of 2011, we stopped leasing a facility in Jilin when the lease agreement expired and moved all those operations to Zhongpin's plant in Changchun. The recoverable value added tax for our former Jilin facility could not be transferred, so it was written off.
Interest expense increased $13.6 million or 172% to $21.5 million in 2011 from $7.9 million in 2010 primarily due to an increase of $23.9 million in short-term bank loans, an increase of $13.6 million in long-term bank loans, an increase of $159.0 million in bank notes payable, and an increase in the interest rates published by the People's Bank of China, the central bank of China. Those increases were partly offset by an increase in interest income.
Other income and government subsidies
Other income and government subsidies decreased 31% to $4.2 million in 2011 from $6.1 million in 2010. The decrease was because we booked $2.1 million of government subsidies as deferred income in 2011. During 2011, we received a government subsidy earmarked to finance our capacity expansions in Changchun, Jilin province. We decided to book this subsidy as deferred income and recognize it in the next 30 years.
Provision for income taxes
The effective tax rate in China on income generated from the sale of prepared products is 25%. There is no income tax on income generated from the sale of raw products, including raw meat products and raw vegetable and fruit products. The increase of $0.6 million in the provision for income taxes in 2011 from 2010 resulted from higher sales of prepared meat products.
Net income increased 10% to $64.1 million in 2011 from $58.3 million in 2010 primarily due to higher revenues from higher tonnage sold at higher average prices and effective control of expenses, partly offset by higher selling expenses in support of sales and market expansions, and higher interest expenses.
Zhongpin's net profit margin (net income divided by revenues) declined slightly to 4.4% in 2011 from 6.2% in 2010, mainly due to a lower gross profit margin, higher selling expenses in support of sales and market expansions, higher general and administrative expenses, and higher interest expenses.
Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share decreased 0.6% to $1.66 in 2011 from $1.67 in 2010. Average basic shares outstanding increased 10.5% to 38,505,027 shares in 2011 from 34,837,656 shares in 2010.
Diluted earnings per share increased 0.6% to $1.66 in 2011 from $1.65 in 2010. Average diluted shares outstanding increased 9.3% to 38,539,880 shares in 2011 from 35,270,410 shares in 2010.
Liquidity and capital resources
During the year 2011, our net cash flow increased cash and equivalents by $51.7 million, with total cash and equivalents at year end of $135.8 million.
Net cash provided by operating activities was $73.8 million, primarily from net income of $64.2 million. Depreciation provided $17.4 million and other items used $7.8 million.
Net cash used in investing activities in 2011 was $240.2 million, including construction in progress, deposits for the purchase of land use rights, and additions to property and equipment that totaled $169.1 million and an increase in restricted cash of $71.2 million.
Net cash provided by financing activities was $211.1 million, with the proceeds from loans and notes, net of repayments, providing $173.6 million, the proceeds from common stock providing $66.4 million, the repurchase of common stock using $23.1 million, and proceeds from a capital lease obligation using $6.6 million.
As a result, including the effect from foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash, Zhongpin increased its cash in 2011 by $51.7 million. Cash and cash equivalents on December 31, 2011 totaled $135.8 million compared with $84.1 million as of December 31, 2010.
Zhongpin believes its existing cash and cash equivalents, together with its ability to secure bank borrowings, will be sufficient to finance its investment in new facilities, with budgeted capital expenditures of about $138.6 million over the next 12 months, and to satisfy its working capital needs. It intends to satisfy its short-term debt obligations that mature over the next 12 months through additional short-term bank loans, in most cases by rolling over the maturing loans into new short-term loans with the same lenders
Conference call and webcast
Zhongpin will host its year 2011 conference call and live webcast at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (New York) on Wednesday, March 14, 2012, which is also 8:00 p.m. in China and Hong Kong on the same day.
The live webcast and archive of the conference call will be available on the Investor Relations section of Zhongpin's website at http://www.zpfood.com.
A telephone replay of the call will be available after the conclusion of the conference call through 8:00 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time, March 28, 2012.
Zhongpin Inc. is a leading meat and food processing company that specializes in pork and pork products, vegetables, and fruits in China. Its distribution network in China covers 20 provinces plus Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Chongqing and includes 3,428 retail outlets as of December 31, 2011. Zhongpin's export markets include Europe, Hong Kong, and other countries in Asia. For more information about Zhongpin, please visit Zhongpin's website at http://www.zpfood.com.