Texas' cotton crop expected to fall 55% year-over-year to 3.5 million bales in 2011, USDA says; sorghum to drop 53% to 56.4 million bushels; rice to fall 4% to 12.9 million cwt.

AUSTIN, Texas , January 13, 2012 (press release) – This report contains the results from the December Agricultural survey. Our thanks to all farmers who responded to the Agricultural survey. The 2011 Texas Upland cotton crop is expected to total 3.5 million bales, down from last month and 55 percent less than in 2010. Yield is expected to average 542 pounds per acre, a reduction of 13 pounds from last month, and 161 pounds less than last year. Acreage expected for harvest is estimated at 3.1 million acres, down 42 percent from 2010.

Special note: The state level estimates in this report for Texas corn and sorghum are final. Final district and county estimates for Texas corn and sorghum are scheduled for publication in mid-February. Due to the proximity of the February release and to avoid potential confusion, district estimates for corn and sorghum were not made for today’s report.

Corn production is forecast at 136.7 million bushels, down 55 percent from last year. Statewide yield are expected to average 93 bushels per acre, down 52 bushels from 2010. Acres to be harvested for grain, at 1.5 million, are down 29 percent from last year.

Sorghum production is forecast at 56.4 million bushels, down 53 percent from last year. Acres to be harvested are estimated at 1.15 million acres, down 32 percent from last year. Yield, at 49 bushels per acre, is down 21 bushels from last year.

Texas peanut production is down 60 percent from last year, at 233 million pounds. Statewide yield, at 2,400 pounds per acre, is down 1,200 pounds from last year. Harvested acreage is down 40 percent from last year to 97,000 acres.

Rice producers expect to harvest 12.9 million cwt, down 4 percent from 2010. Yield is forecast at 7,190 pounds per acre, 30 pounds more than last year.

The 2011 Texas soybean crop is forecast at 1.7 million bushels, down 69 percent from last year’s production. Harvested acreage, at 90,000, is down 51 percent from last year, and yield is expected to average 19 bushels per acre, compared to 30 bushels last year.

Texas wheat producers have seeded 5.9 million acres for the 2012 winter wheat crop, up 11 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from 2010.

Nationally, U.S. seeding of winter wheat for 2012 totaled 41.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011.

U.S. Highlights: United States corn production is estimated at 12.4 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last. A yield of 147.2 bushels per acre is down 5.6 bushels from last year. The sorghum crop is down 38 percent from last year at 214 million bushels. The U.S. Upland cotton crop is forecast to total 14.8 million bales, down 16 percent from last year. Soybean production is estimated at 3.06 billion bushels, down 8 percent from last year. The U.S. peanut crop is estimated at 3.64 billion pounds, down 13 percent from a year ago. U.S. rice production is estimated at 185 million cwt, down 24 percent from 2010.

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