New York's milk production down 1.3% year-over-year to 1.01 billion lbs. in November, USDA says; average output reaches 1,660 lbs./cow, down 1% from last year
ALBANY, New York
December 29, 2011
– NEW YORK FALL POTATO PRODUCTION AT RECORD LOW
New York production of fall potatoes for 2011 is estimated at a record low 4.05 million hundredweight (cwt.), down 21 percent from a year ago. Harvested acreage, at 16,200 , was up 1 percent from last year’s record low. Yields averaged 250 cwt. per acre compared with 320 cwt. per acre in 2010.
U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2011 is forecast at 387 million cwt, up 6 percent from last year. Area harvested, at 939,200 acres, is slightly above the November 1 forecast and 7 percent above the 2010 estimate. The average yield forecast, at 412 cwt per acre, is down 4 cwt per acre from last year’s yield.
In Idaho, cool soil temperatures this spring delayed emergence of potatoes. Mild summer weather was followed by warmer than normal temperatures this fall, enabling farmers to harvest the 2011 potato crop with few delays. In Idaho, if realized, the yield will be the second highest on record. In Maine, wet conditions prevailed from planting through harvest and resulted in reductions in both acres harvested and yields. In Washington, harvesting conditions were favorable, however yields were variable across the State.
NEW YORK DRY BEAN PRODUCTION AT RECORD LOW
Dry bean production in New York for the 2011 crop totaled a record low 165,000 hundredweight (cwt.), down 41 percent from last year’s production, Harvested acreage, at a record low 11,800 acres was down 21 percent from last year. Yields averaged 1,400 pounds per acre compared with 1,890 pounds per acre in 2010.
Light red kidney bean production in the state is estimated at 39,000 cwt. compared with 96,000 cwt. in 2010. Production came from 3,000 acres harvested. Dark red kidney bean production is estimated at 31,000 cwt. compared with 33,000 cwt. in 2010.
Black turtle bean production is set at 70,000 cwt. compared with 126,000 cwt. a year ago. Production of all other varieties totaled 25,000 cwt. compared with 27,000 cwt. produced a year ago.
U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 19.7 million cwt. for 2011, down 38 percent from 2010. Harvested area is forecast at 1.15 million acres, 38 percent below the previous year. The average U.S. yield is forecast at 1,719 pounds per acre, a decrease of 7 pounds from 2010. Production is expected to be lower in 17 of the 18 States in the dry bean program.
U.S. HIRED WORKERS DOWN 1 PERCENT WAGE RATES UP FRACTIONALLY FROM A YEAR AGO
There were 1,141,000 hired workers on the Nation’s farms and ranches during the week of October 9-15, 2011, down 1 percent from a year ago. Of these hired workers, 828,000 were hired directly by farm operators. Agricultural service employees on farms and ranches made up the remaining 313,000 workers.
Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $11.15 per hour during the October 2011 reference week, up 2 cents from a year earlier. Field workers received an average of $10.54 per hour, up 5 cents from last October, while livestock workers earned $10.67 per hour compared with $10.28 a year earlier. The field and livestock worker combined wage rate, at $10.57 per hour, was up 14 cents from last year. The number of hours worked averaged 41.6 for hired workers during the survey week, down fractionally from a year ago.
NOVEMBER MILK PRICES DECREASED FROM OCTOBER
Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during November were down from a month earlier. The price of corn, hay, potatoes, and apples decreased also. Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.
Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $21.00 per hundredweight of milk sold during November, down 70 cents from October but $1.60 more than November a year ago.
Grain corn, at $6.67 per bushel, was down 20 cents from October but up $1.44 from last year. Hay averaged $98 per ton, down $20 from October and $4 lower than prices received November 2010. Potatoes averaged $14.20 per cwt., down $1 from October but up $2 from last year. Apples, at $36.60 per cwt., were down $1.80 from last month but up $9.80 from last November.
The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in November, at 185 percent, based on 1990-1992=100, is up 1 point (0.5 percent) from October. The Crop Index is up 5 points (2.5 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 2 points (1.3 percent). Producers received higher prices for corn, lettuce, cattle, and broilers and lower prices for soybeans, hogs, apples, and hay. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of milk, cattle, corn, and cotton offset the decreased marketing of soybeans, peanuts, potatoes, and sunflowers.
NOVEMBER MILK PRODUCTION
New York dairy herds produced 1,013 million pounds of milk during November. Milk cows were down and production per cow was down from the previous year resulting in a 1.3 percent decrease in milk production compared to November 2010. The number of milk cows averaged 610,000 head, down slightly from November of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,660 pounds, down 1 percent from last year at this time.
Milk production in the 23 major States during November totaled 14.7 billion pounds, up 2.2 percent from November 2010. October revised production at 15.2 billion pounds, was up 2.5 percent from October 2010. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,738 pounds for November, 16 pounds above November 2010. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.48 million head, 108,000 head more than November 2010, but unchanged from October 2011.
NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 9 PERCENT IN OCTOBER
Egg production on New York farms totaled 109 million eggs in October 2011, up 9 percent from last year. The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.36 million, increased 10 percent from October 2010 but the rate of lay decreased slightly to 2,498 eggs per 100 layers.
United States egg production totaled 7.78 billion during October 2011, up 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.74 billion table eggs, and 1.04 billion hatching eggs, of which 968 million were broiler-type and 70 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during October 2011 averaged 336 million, down slightly from last year. October egg production per 100 layers was 2,317 eggs, up 1 percent from October 2010.