Iowa's inventory of hogs, pigs up 3.7% year-over-year to 19.8 million on Dec. 1, USDA says

DES MOINES, Iowa , December 23, 2011 (press release) – Iowa inventory of all hogs & pigs on December 1 was 19.8 million, according to the Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report released by USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. This was down 1 percent from the 20.0 million in September 2011, but up 700,000 head from December 2010.

The September-November 2011 pig crop was 4.99 million head. A total of 480,000 sows farrowed with an average litter size of 10.4 pigs per sow.

As of December 1, producers planned to farrow 475,000 head of sows and gilts in the December 2011 – February 2012 quarter. Farrowing intentions for the March - May 2012 period were estimated at 480,000 as of December 1, 2011.

United States Hog Inventory up 2 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2011 was 65.9 million head. This was up 2 percent from December 1, 2010, but down 1 percent from September 1, 2011.

Breeding inventory, at 5.80 million head, was up slightly from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.1 million head, was up 2 percent from last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2011 pig crop, at 29.0 million head, was up 2 percent from 2010. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.89 million head, up slightly from 2010. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.02 for the September-November period, compared to 9.89 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.10 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intend to have 2.87 million sows farrow during the December 2011-February 2012 quarter, up 1 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2011, but down slightly from 2010. Intended farrowings for March-May 2012, at 2.89 million sows, are down 1 percent from 2011, and down 1 percent from 2010.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 45 percent of the total United States hog inventory, unchanged from last year.

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