Texas' cotton crop expected to slide 51% year-over-year to 3.85 million bales in 2011, USDA says; peanut production to fall 46% to 315 million lbs.; sorghum output to drop 43% to 67.5 million bushels

AUSTIN, Texas , November 9, 2011 (press release) – This report contains the results from the November 2011 Ag Yield and Objective Yield Surveys. Our thanks to all farmers who responded to the Ag Yield survey and to those cotton producers who permitted objective measurements to be taken in their fields.

The 2011 Texas Upland cotton crop is expected to total 3.85 million bales, 4 percent less than last month and 51 percent less than in 2010. Yield is expected to average 578 pounds per acre, down 22 pounds from last month, and 125 pounds less than last year. Acreage expected for harvest is estimated at 3.2 million acres, down 40 percent from 2010.

Corn production is forecast at 178.5 million bushels, down 6 percent from last month and down 41 percent from last year. Based on November 1 conditions, statewide yield are expected to average 105 bushels per acre, down 40 bushels from 2010. Acres to be harvested for grain, at 1.7 million, are down 18 percent from last year.

Sorghum production is forecast at 67.5 million bushels, up 4 percent from last month but down 43 percent more from last year. Acres to be harvested are estimated at 1.25 million acres, down 26 percent from last year. Yield, at 54 bushels per acre, is down 16 bushels from last year.

Texas peanut production is down 46 percent from last year, at 315 million pounds, and unchanged from last month. Statewide yield, at 3,000 pounds per acre, is down 600 pounds from last year. Harvested acreage is down 36 percent from last year to 105,000 acres.

Rice producers expect to harvest 12.6 million cwt, down 6 percent from 2010. Yield is forecast at 7,000 pounds per acre, 160 pounds less than last year and unchanged from last month.

The 2011 Texas soybean crop is forecast at 1.65 million bushels, down 70 percent from last year’s production. Harvested acreage, at 110,000, is down 41 percent from last year, and yield is expected to average 15 bushels per acre, compared with 30 bushels last year.

U.S. Highlights: United States corn production is forecast at 12.3 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last year’s record of 12.4 billion bushels. A yield of 146.7 bushels per acre is forecast, down 6.1 bushels from last year’s record. The sorghum crop is down 29 percent from last year at 246 million bushels. If realized, this will be the lowest production level since 1956. The U.S. Upland cotton crop is expected to total 15.6 million bales, down 12 percent from last year. Soybean production is forecast at 3.05 billion bushels, down 9 percent from last year. The U.S. peanut crop is estimated at 3.65 billion pounds, down 12 percent from a year ago. U.S. rice production is forecast at 188 million cwt, down 23 percent from 2010.

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