Oklahoma's winter wheat planting 90% complete, up 8 percentage points week-over-week, USDA says; 37% of sorghum harvested

OKLAHOMA CITY, Oklahoma , November 1, 2011 (press release) – Several rains during the past month have benefitted the wheat, rye and canola planted, although emergence has been behind normal due to the late planting. The condition of wheat and rye was rated mostly good to fair and canola was rated mostly fair. Additional rainfall is needed to replenish the huge deficit of subsoil moisture, as the state was still in a severe to exceptional drought as of the October 25th Drought Monitor. Another precipitation event on Thursday averaged just over half an inch across the state. The northern third of the state missed most of the rainfall last week while the Southwest district received the most with 1.07 inches on average. In the Panhandle district the precipitation came in the form of snow, with an inch reported in multiple locations. The snow was preceded by only a few days with a high of 88 degrees for the district recorded in Buffalo on Monday. The cool down the second half of the week occurred statewide and temperatures for the week averaged in the mid-50s. Topsoil moisture conditions improved from the previous week with 38 percent rated adequate, compared to 29 percent the previous week. Subsoil moisture conditions showed only a slight improvement; eight percent was rated adequate, up from six percent the week before. There were 5.3 days suitable for field work.

Small Grains: Planting of most small grains and canola were winding down this past week. The condition of wheat, rye and canola already emerged was rated mostly good to fair. Wheat planting reached 90 percent complete, up 8 points from the previous week and 68 percent was emerged. Canola planting was virtually complete by Sunday and 87 percent of canola had emerged. Rye planting reached 95 percent complete by week’s end, and 83 percent of rye had emerged, 10 points behind the five-year average. Seedbed preparation for oat ground was 76 percent complete. Oat planting reached 41 percent complete by the end of the week and 34 percent had emerged, seven points behind normal.

Row Crops: The harvest of row crops continued, with most crops behind the five-year average. Corn harvest was virtually complete by Sunday. Sorghum coloring was 93 percent complete by the end of the week. Seventy-seven percent of sorghum had matured, and 37 percent was harvested by Sunday, 11 points behind normal. Soybeans mature reached 70 percent complete by week’s end, and 37 percent of soybeans had been harvested, 10 points behind normal. Eighty-nine percent of peanuts had matured by Sunday and 68 percent were dug. Almost half of the peanuts had been combined by week’s end, nine points behind the five-year average. Cotton plants opening bolls reached 92 percent complete and 27 percent of cotton
had been harvested by week’s end.

Hay: Short hay supplies continued to be a major concern for producers while little hay was cut this past week. Third cuttings of alfalfa were 71 percent complete, and 17 percent of the state had completed a fourth cutting, compared to a five-year average of 100 percent. A second cutting of other hay was 57 percent complete by Sunday, 29 points behind normal.

Pasture and Livestock: The cooler temperatures meant limited further growth for pasture and range, which were rated poor to very poor. Livestock conditions continued to be rated mostly fair to poor. Prices for feeder steers less than 800 pounds averaged $141 per cwt. Prices for heifers less than 800 pounds averaged $129 per cwt.

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