Renewables accounted for 14.1% the EU's gross final energy consumption in 2012, up from 8.3% in 2004; Sweden is the best performer with a 51% renewable energy share, followed up Latvia at 35.8%, Finland with 34.3%: Eurostat

Allison Oesterle

Allison Oesterle

Mar 10, 2014 – Eurostat

BRUSSELS , March 10, 2014 (press release) – Renewable energy in the EU28

Bulgaria, Estonia and Sweden already achieve their 2020 targets

In 2012, energy from renewable sources1 was estimated to have contributed 14.1% of gross final energy consumption in the EU28, compared with 8.3% in 2004, the first year for which this data is available. The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption is one of the headline in dicators of the Europe 2020 strategy2. The target to be reached by 2020 for the EU28 is a share of 20% renewable energy use in gross final energy consumption. The national targets3 take into account the Member States' different starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance.

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Largest increases in share of renewables between 2004 and 2012 in Sweden, Denmark and Austria Since 2004, the share of renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy grew in all Member States. The largest increases during this period were recorded in Sweden (from 38.7% in 2004 to 51.0% in 2012), Denmark (from 14.5% to 26.0%), Austria (from 22.7% to 32.1%), Greece (from 7.2% to 15.1%) and Italy (from 5.7% to 13.5%).

The highest shares of renewable energy in final energy consumption in 2012 were found in Sweden (51.0% of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy), Latvia (35.8%), Finland (34.3%) and Austria (32.1%), and the lowest in Malta (1.4%), Luxembourg (3.1%), the United Kingdom (4.2%) and the Netherlands (4.5%). In 2011, Estonia was the first Member State to reach its 2020 target and in 2012 Bulgaria, Estonia and Sweden already achieved their 2020 targets (16%, 25% and 49% respectively)5.

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1. Renewable energy sources cover solar thermal and photovoltaic energy, hydro (including tide, wave and ocean energy), wind, geothermal energy and biomass (including biological waste and liquid biofuels). The contribution of renewable energy from heat pumps is also covered for the Member States for which this information was available. The renewable energy
delivered to final consumers (industry, transport, households, services including public services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries) is the numerator of the Europe 2020 target. The denominator, the gross final energy consumption of all energy sources, covers total energy delivered for energy purposes to final consumers as well as the transmission and distribution losses for electricity and heat.

2. For more information on the Europe 2020 strategy visit:

3. For more information on the targets for renewable energy visit:

4. For additional Eurostat data on energy visit:

5. Progress towards the 2020 targets is measured against the indicative trajectory defined in Annex I Part B of Directive 2009/28/EC: Member States shall introduce measures effectively designed to ensure that the share of energy from renewable sources equals or exceeds that shown in the indicative trajectory. Detailed Member States' data and also information on the indicative trajectories are available on the Eurostat website under the heading "SHARES 2012 results":

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Industry Intelligence Editor's Note: This press release omits select charts and graphs for editorial clarity. Click here to view the full report.

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