US patent issued to Monsanto for soybean cultivar 12245180

Nevin Barich

Nevin Barich

May 9, 2013 – Biotech Week

ALEXANDRIA, Virginia , May 9, 2013 () – According to news reporting originating from Alexandria, Virginia, by NewsRx journalists, a patent by the inventor Eby, William H. (Panora, IA), filed on August 8, 2012, was published online on April 30, 2013 (see also Biotechnology Companies).

The assignee for this patent, patent number 8431799, is Monsanto Technology LLC (St. Louis, MO).

Reporters obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The present invention relates to a new and distinctive soybean cultivar, designated 12245180. All publications cited in this application are herein incorporated by reference.

"There are numerous steps in the development of any novel, desirable plant germplasm. Plant breeding begins with the analysis and definition of problems and weaknesses of the current germplasm, the establishment of program goals, and the definition of specific breeding objectives. The next step is selection of germplasm that possesses the traits to meet the program goals. The goal is to combine in a single cultivar an improved combination of desirable traits from the parental germplasm. These important traits may include, but are not limited to, higher seed yield, resistance to diseases and insects, better stems and roots, tolerance to drought and heat, altered fatty acid profile, abiotic stress tolerance, improvements in compositional traits, and better agronomic quality.

"These processes, which lead to the final step of marketing and distribution, can take from six to twelve years from the time the first cross is made. Therefore, development of new cultivars is a time-consuming process that requires precise forward planning, efficient use of resources, and a minimum of changes in direction.

"Soybean (Glycine max), is an important and valuable field crop. Thus, a continuing goal of soybean plant breeding is to develop stable, high yielding soybean cultivars that are agronomically sound. The reasons for this goal are to maximize the amount of grain produced on the land used and to supply food for both animals and humans. To accomplish this goal, the soybean breeder must select and develop soybean plants that have the traits that result in superior varieties.

"The soybean is the world's leading source of vegetable oil and protein meal. The oil extracted from soybeans is used for cooking oil, margarine, and salad dressings. Soybean oil is composed of saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. It has a typical composition of 11% palmitic, 4% stearic, 25% oleic, 50% linoleic, and 9% linolenic fatty acid content ('Economic Implications of Modified Soybean Traits Summary Report,' Iowa Soybean Promotion Board and American Soybean Association Special Report 92S (May 1990)). Changes in fatty acid composition for improved oxidative stability and nutrition are constantly sought after. Industrial uses of soybean oil, which is subjected to further processing, include ingredients for paints, plastics, fibers, detergents, cosmetics, lubricants, and biodiesel fuel. Soybean oil may be split, inter-esterified, sulfurized, epoxidized, polymerized, ethoxylated, or cleaved. Designing and producing soybean oil derivatives with improved functionality and improved oliochemistry is a rapidly growing field. The typical mixture of triglycerides is usually split and separated into pure fatty acids, which are then combined with petroleum-derived alcohols or acids, nitrogen, sulfonates, chlorine, or with fatty alcohols derived from fats and oils to produce the desired type of oil or fat.

"Soybeans are also used as a food source for both animals and humans. Soybeans are widely used as a source of protein for poultry, swine, and cattle feed. During processing of whole soybeans, the fibrous hull is removed and the oil is extracted. The remaining soybean meal is a combination of carbohydrates and approximately 50% protein.

"For human consumption, soybean meal is made into soybean flour, which is processed to protein concentrates used for meat extenders or specialty pet foods. Production of edible protein ingredients from soybean offers a healthy, less expensive replacement for animal protein in meats, as well as dairy type products.

"The foregoing examples of the related art and limitations related therewith are intended to be illustrative and not exclusive. Other limitations of the related art will become apparent to those of skill in the art upon a reading of the specification."

In addition to obtaining background information on this patent, NewsRx editors also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent: "The following embodiments and aspects thereof are described in conjunction with systems, tools and methods which are meant to be exemplary, not limiting in scope. In various embodiments, one or more of the above-described problems have been reduced or eliminated, while other embodiments are directed to other improvements.

"According to the invention, there is provided a new soybean cultivar designated 12245180. This invention thus relates to the seeds of soybean cultivar 12245180, to the plants of soybean cultivar 12245180 and to methods for producing a soybean plant produced by crossing soybean cultivar 12245180 with itself or another soybean cultivar, and the creation of variants by mutagenesis or transformation of soybean cultivar 12245180.

"This invention also relates to methods for introgressing a transgenic or mutant trait into soybean cultivar 12245180 and to the soybean plants and plant parts produced by those methods. This invention also relates to soybean cultivars or breeding cultivars and plant parts derived from soybean cultivar 12245180, to methods for producing other soybean cultivars or plant parts derived from soybean cultivar 12245180 and to the soybean plants, varieties, and their parts derived from the use of those methods. This invention further relates to soybean seeds, plants, and plant parts produced by crossing soybean cultivar 12245180 with another soybean cultivar. Thus, any such methods using the soybean cultivar 12245180 are part of this invention: selfing, backcrosses, hybrid production, crosses to populations, and the like. All plants produced using soybean cultivar 12245180 as at least one parent are within the scope of this invention. Advantageously, the soybean cultivar could be used in crosses with other, different, soybean plants to produce first generation (F.sub.1) soybean hybrid seeds and plants with superior characteristics.

"In another aspect, the present invention provides regenerable cells for use in tissue culture of soybean plant 12245180. The tissue culture will preferably be capable of regenerating plants having all the physiological and morphological characteristics of the foregoing soybean plant, and of regenerating plants having substantially the same genotype as the foregoing soybean plant. Preferably, the regenerable cells in such tissue cultures will be embryos, protoplasts, meristematic cells, callus, pollen, leaves, ovules, anthers, cotyledons, hypocotyl, pistils, roots, root tips, flowers, seeds, petiole, pods, or stems. Still further, the present invention provides soybean plants regenerated from the tissue cultures of the invention.

"In addition to the exemplary aspects and embodiments described above, further aspects and embodiments will become apparent by study of the following descriptions."

For more information, see this patent: Eby, William H.. Soybean Cultivar 12245180. U.S. Patent Number 8431799, filed August 8, 2012, and published online on April 30, 2013. Patent URL:

Keywords for this news article include: Monsanto Company, Biotechnology Companies, Monsanto Technology LLC.

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