California's rice production up 9% year-over-year to 484. million cwt. in 2011, USDA says; cotton output down 16% to 14.8 million 480-lb. bales

Andrew Rogers

Andrew Rogers

Jan 20, 2012 – U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)

SACRAMENTO, California , January 20, 2012 (press release) – California's 2011 Upland cotton production is estimated at 540 thousand 480-pound bales as of January 1, an increase of 42 percent from last year. This is based on 181 thousand acres for harvest. The yield is calculated at 1,432 pounds per acre, down 51 pounds from last year.

California’s 2011 American Pima cotton production is estimated at 780 thousand 480-pound bales, 68 percent above last year's crop. The yield of 1,376 pounds is 139 pounds above 2010.

U.S. Upland cotton production is estimated at 14.8 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from the December 1 forecast and down 16 percent from last year. The U.S. yield for Upland cotton is estimated at 754 pounds per acre, down 3 pounds from last month and down 51 pounds from 2010. Upland planted area, estimated at 14.4 million acres, is up 34 percent from last year. Harvested area, at 9.44 million acres, is down 1 percent from last month and down 10 percent from last year. The Upland cotton abandonment rate, at 35 percent, is a record high.

U.S. American Pima producers planted 306 thousand acres, up 50 percent from last year. Harvested area, at 304 thousand acres, is up 51 percent from last year. Production is estimated at 846 thousand bales (480-pound), up 15 percent from the August 1 forecast and up 68 percent from last year. The United States yield is estimated at 1,336 pounds per acre, up 105 pounds from the August 1 forecast and up 136 pounds from last year.


Stocks of all hay on California farms totaled 1.64 million tons as of December 1, 2011. This was 11 percent below the 1.85 million tons on hand a year earlier.

As of December 1, 2011 U.S. hay stocks stored on farms totaled 90.7 million tons, down 11 percent from a year ago. This is the lowest December 1 stocks on hand for the U.S. since 1988. Disappearance from May 1, 2011-December 1, 2011 totaled 62.6 million tons, compared with 64.4 million tons for the same period a year ago.


California farmers are expected to seed 660 thousand acres to winter wheat for the 2012 crop, 1 percent below the 2011 crop.

The U.S. Winter wheat seeded area for 2012 is estimated at 41.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011 and 12 percent above 2010. Seeding began last September and ended the month behind the 5-year average as late row crop harvest delayed planting in many northern States. However, by the end of October, seeding had progressed slightly ahead of the 5-year average. More acres were seeded this year due to higher prices and an acreage rebound in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas where dry conditions had limited 2011 planted acres. The winter wheat crop condition at the end of November was rated 52 percent good to excellent compared with 47 percent the previous year.

Durum wheat seedings in Arizona and California for 2012 harvest are estimated at 230 thousand acres, up 15 percent from the 2011 and 24 percent above 2010. Planting is ongoing in California's San Joaquin and Imperial Valleys. Weather conditions have been good for planting.


California farmers produced 48.4 million cwt. of rice in 2011. This was 9 percent above the 44.3 million cwt. produced in 2010. The 2011 crop included 385 thousand cwt. of long grain rice, 23 percent above the 312 thousand cwt. produced in 2010. Medium grain production totaled 45.1 million cwt., 9 percent above the 2010 crop. Short grain production was 3.0 million cwt., 14 percent above the previous year. The overall yield of 8,350 pounds per acre was 330 pounds above 2010.

Nationally, production in 2011 is estimated at 185 million cwt., down 2 percent from the previous forecast and 24 percent below 2010. Planted area is estimated at 2.69 million acres, down 26 percent from 2010. Area harvested, at 2.62 million acres, is down slightly from the previous forecast and 28 percent below the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 7,067 pounds per acre, down 100 pounds from the previous forecast, but 342 pounds above the 2010 yield. In all States except California, severe drought conditions, excessive flooding, and higher prices for competing commodities contributed to the decline in rice acres compared with the previous crop year.


On December 1, California rough rice stocks in all positions totaled 39.8 million cwt., 2 percent above last year. Off-farms stocks including stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, ports and in transit, totaled 36.8 million cwt. of the total rough rice stored. Stocks being stored on farms accounted for 2.9 million cwt.


Stocks of wheat in California on December 1, 2011 totaled 433 thousand tons, 35 percent below the 665 thousand tons on hand a year earlier. U.S. stocks of all wheat totaled 49.7 million tons, 14 percent below a year ago.

Barley stocks in California on December 1, 2011 totaled 21.0 thousand tons, 13 percent below a year earlier. U.S. barley stocks, at 3.21 million tons, were 26 percent below the December 1, 2010 total.

Off-farm stocks of corn in California totaled 387 thousand tons on December 1, 2011, 19 percent above a year earlier. U.S. stocks of corn in all positions totaled 270 million tons.


Prices received by California farmers at mid-December were above November for all potatoes and fall potatoes and below November for cottonseed and all types of hay. Mid-December prices for wheat, dry, edible beans and upland cotton were not published due to possible disclosure of individual operations. There was insufficient data to establish a mid-December price for barley and spring potatoes. Prices were above a year earlier for all types of hay.


The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in December, at 176 percent, based on 1990-1992=100, decreased 8 points (4.3 percent) from November. The Crop Index is down 15 points (7.3 percent), but the Livestock Index increased 1 point (0.6 percent). Producers received lower prices for corn, soybeans, wheat, and lettuce and higher prices for eggs, broilers, cattle, and broccoli. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of wheat, milk, broilers, and hay offset the decreased marketing of corn, soybeans, cattle, and grapes.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index is up 23 points (15 percent) from December 2010. The Food Commodities Index, at 168, decreased 4 points (2.3 percent) from last month, but increased 20 points (14 percent) from December 2010.

The December All Crops Index, at 191, decreased 7.3 percent from November, but is 12 percent above December 2010. Index decreases for feed grains & hay, oilseeds, and fruits & nuts, more than offset index increases for potatoes & dry beans and upland cotton.

The December Food Grains Index, at 217, is 7.7 percent below the previous month, but 1.9 percent above a year ago. The December all wheat price, at $215.00 per ton, is down $27.00 from November, but 33 cents above December 2010.

The December Feed Grains & Hay Index, at 238, is down 5.9 percent from last month, but 18 percent above a year ago. The corn price, at $194.29 per ton, is down $14.28 from last month, but $22.15 above December 2010. The all hay price, at $177 per ton, is up $1.00 from November and $66.00 from last December. Sorghum grain, at $10.10 per cwt., is 60 cents below November, but $1.31 above December last year.

The December Upland Cotton Index, at 155, is up 1.3 percent from November and 16 percent above last year. The December price, at 93.7 cents per pound, is up 1.2 cents from the previous month and 12.5 cents above last December.

The December Potatoes & Dry Beans Index, at 169, is up 5.6 percent from last month and 3.7 percent above December 2010. The all potato price, at $8.86 per cwt., is up 32 cents from November, but down $1.08 from last December. The all dry bean price, at $45.30 per cwt., is up $5.40 from the previous month and $20.70 above December 2010.


California sweet potato production for 2011 is estimated at 5.82 million cwt., a decrease of 9 percent from last year’s crop. Harvested acres are estimated at 18.2 thousand acres, 1 percent above 2010. The yield of 320 cwt. per acre is 10 percent below the record high yield set last year. Cool spring conditions in California caused a delay in planting and harvesting.

Nationally, production of sweet potatoes in 2011 is estimated at 27.0 million cwt., up 13 percent from last year. Growers harvested 130 thousand acres, up 11 percent from last year. Yield per acre, at 208 cwt., is up 4 cwt. from last year. North Carolina’s 2011 production is a record high and the yield of 200 cwt. per acre matches the record high set in 2009. In Mississippi, weather conditions were favorable for sweet potatoes and growers reported an above average harvest.

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